Understanding about different careers is critical to successful job search. Find below few Important career descriptions for different types of jobs.
Information Technology has become a subject of great importance and concern to all mankind. This subject has and will continue to have a critical impact on global population, food, Agricultural production and general development. Agriculture software is developed to solve the field related problems easily and to facilitate the farmers, extension personnel and researchers.
Considerable opportunities are emerging in the area of rural development through effective use of information technology in agriculture. The agriculture sector accounts for 70% of the population of India. People living in the rural areas need information in various major areas, like agriculture, animal husbandry, education, health etc. Information Technology provides the necessary backbone to spread and disseminate information among people in villages.
This program will educate the students about the use of Information Technology in Agriculture as well as rural development. Students will be exposed to real world problems in the field of agriculture and how these problems can be solved using Information and Communication Technology.
You would covering following subjects like Agricultural Information System, Object Oriented Programming, Developmental Economics, Computer Networks and Village Area Network, PC and Applications in Rural Areas, Remote Sensing and GIS, Multimedia Technology, Farm Automation, Operating Systems, Database Management Systems etc.
This new course B.Tech agriculture information technology is offered from this year in Tamil Nadu Agriculture University Coimbatore. You should apply separately to Tamil Nadu Agriculture University. You would be called by Agriculture University counseling as per your rank and in which you can choose your preferred courses offered by the university.
Architecture, in particular is the study which deals with planning and designing of building and structures. Architects engage themselves in designing of a variety of structures including houses, apartments and colonies, offices and industrial complexes, hospitals, hotels, airport terminals, stadium, shopping and commercial complexes, schools etc. They provide professional services to individuals and organizations not only regarding new constructions but also in alterations and renovations.
Anybody who has studied Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry at the 10+2 level can apply for admission to study architecture at the graduate level in colleges offering the course. B.Arch is a 5 year course and most of the universities select students through a written test. Further on completion of the graduate course, if interested, one can study architecture at the post graduate course which varies from 18 months to 2 years.
Entrance tests for B.Arch Courses - The Council of Architecture conducts an aptitude test NATA on an All India basis for admission to colleges of Architecture. Engineering colleges select students on the basis of the result to the appropriate engineering courses. Some other renowned institutes like Anna University carry their own selection tests to identify suitable candidates while some give weight age to class 12 marks and entrance examinations to select students.
About NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture)
The National Aptitude Test in Architecture (NATA Test) measures aptitude of applicant for specific field of study, i.e. Architecture. The test measures aesthetic sensitivity, critical thinking, that have been acquired over a long period of time and that are related to specific field of study, i.e. Architecture.
The NATA Test is offered year-round at test centers located at colleges/ schools of architecture in India. For further information about NATA you can visit www.nata.in
Some of the Colleges/Institutions/Universities offering Graduate/Post-Graduate courses in Architecture are mentioned below.
- School of Planning & Architecture, 4, Block-B, IP Estate, New Delhi 110002.
- Punjab University, Chandigarh College of Architecture, Chandigarh 160012.
- School of Architecture CEPT, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad 380009.
- Lucknow University, Govt. College of Architecture, Tagore Road, Lucknow 226002.
- Goa University, College of Architecture, Campal Panaji, Goa - 1.
- University of Mumbai, Sir J J College of Architecture, 78/3, Dr. D.N. Road, Mumbai 400001.
- Indian Education Society's College of Architecture, 791, Bandra Reclamation, Bandra (W), Mumbai 400050.
- Pune University, Marathwada Mitra Mandal College of Architecture, 302, A, Deccan Gymkhana, Pune 411004.
- Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, School of Planning & Architecture, Mahavir Marg, Hyderabad 500028.
- Kerala University, College of Engineering, Thiruvananthpuram 695016.
- Anna University, School of Architecture & Planning, Sardar Patel Rd., Chennai 600025.
- IPS Academy, School of Architecture, Rajendra Nagar, Indore 452012.
- Bengal Engineering College, PO Botanic Garden, Howrah, West Bengal.
- Sushant School of Art and Architecture, Sushant lok, District Gurgaon, Haryana.
- 15.Vastu Kala Academy, School of Architecture & Interior Designing, 9/1, Institutional Area, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067.
There are two routes for joining the Indian air force as a pilot / one after plus two via national defense academy (NDA) exam and the other after your graduation (preferably with maths and physics as subjects or engineering) via the combined defense services examination ( CDSE ). Upon clearing the test , you will be called to an Air force selection board for pilot aptitude battery test ( PABT ) followed by a series of group tests, psychological tests , and interview. You should remember that PABT can be taken only once. There is special provision for male NCC " C " certificate holders in Sr. division ( air wing ). Upon successful completion of training cadets are absorbed for as permanent commissioned officers in the flying branch of IAF. You should watch out for notifications for both exams that appear in leading news daily in the months of April / May and October / November every year. For further details you can visit www.careerairforce.nic.in.
Agricultural engineering is the discipline of engineering in agriculture, food and biological systems. Agricultural engineers develop engineering science and technology in the context of agricultural production and processing, and for the management of natural resources. They apply their engineering knowledge and skills to solve problems relating to sustainable agricultural production.
Career Opportunities for Agricultural Engineers
There is tremendous scope for qualified engineers having professional degrees in agricultural engineering. Agricultural engineers work in production, sales, management, research and development, or applied science in agriculture. A large number of agricultural engineers work in academic or for research and developmental activities in private and government agencies such as central and State Agricultural Universities (SAUs), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Council of Agricultural Research in various states at different capacities.
Colleges and universities that's offers programmes in agricultural engineering
- Kerala Agricultural University (KAU), Vellanikkara, Trichur, Kerala.
- Tamilnadu Agricultural University (TNAU), Coimbatore, Tamilnadu.
- University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Bangalore, Karnataka.
- University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Krish Nagar, Dharwad, Karnataka.
Aerospace engineering covers the study of aeronautic and spacecraft engineering. Aerospace engineering is a specialized field applying the knowledge gained from study of aeronautics and astronautics.
Aerospace engineers design, analyze, model, simulate, and test aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, missiles, and rockets. Aerospace technology also extends too many other applications of objects moving within gases or liquids. Examples are golf balls, high-speed trains, hydrofoil ships, or tall buildings in the wind. Aerospace engineers are typically specialists in fields with fancy names such as aerodynamics, propulsion, navigation, flight testing, and more.
Aerospace engineers develop new technologies for use in aviation, defense systems, and space exploration, often specializing in areas such as structural design, guidance, navigation and control, instrumentation and communication, or production methods. They often use computer-aided design (CAD) software, robotics, and lasers and advanced electronic optics. They also may specialize in a particular type of aerospace product, such as commercial transports, military fighter jets, helicopters, spacecraft, or missiles and rockets. Aerospace engineers may be experts in aerodynamics, thermodynamics, celestial mechanics, propulsion, acoustics, or guidance and control systems.
Aero space engineers usually gain employment in the aerospace product and parts industry, though the skills of such engineers are now being valued in different fields. An example of this is in the manufacture of motor vehicles, aerospace engineers are responsible for designing vehicles which have a low resistance to air and greater efficiency with regard to fuel consumption.
Other than IITs Indian Institute of space science and technology offers courses like
- B.Tech space technology ( Avionics )
- B.Tech space technology ( Aerospace engineering )
- Amrita University Coimbatore also offers B.Tech aerospace engineering
Anthropology is a science which studies the origin and the physical, social, and cultural development and behaviour of mankind. It encompasses the study of the origin of human species as well as its cultural and social structures. Besides, Anthropology also studies the evolution of man at different ages as well as the physical and cultural diversity among humans, living at the same period of time, at various parts of the world in diverse environments.
Anthropology is also involves the comparative study of human similarities and differences. It includes the biological and cultural history of the human species over the last four million years, the cultural patterns of people from around the world down to even those who happen to live next door to you, and the techniques and ideas people have used both to exploit and protect natural resources and the environment.
There are three main areas of employment for an Anthropologist, i.e., teaching, research and working in museums. Research jobs are available in organizations like Archaeological Survey of India, the Planning Commission as well as international organizations like the United Nation's UNESCO or UNICEF also require their services.
Moreover, openings are also available for socio-cultural anthropologists with Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) who seek their expertise in understanding of relations between industry and society.
Cultural anthropologists are particularly well suited to work in professions involving people, such as teaching, law, medicine, social work, and journalism. Archaeology majors may become cultural resource management specialists.
Museums are yet another potent source of employment. Many organizations like the ICMR, WHO and the Police Department also offer employment to anthropologists for the purpose of crime detection.
A section of the students may possibly opt for anthropologically oriented research to provide better service delivery or to assess social issues and social problems, such as in public health, education, urban planning, social welfare, and government planning, international development.
Unfortunately, Anthropology as a field of study still remains among one of the lesser known and less popular subjects. Mankind has yet to explore its full potential.
Automotive engineering is a branch of vehicle engineering, incorporating elements of mechanical, electrical, electronic, software and safety engineering as applied to the design, manufacture and operation of motorcycles, automobiles, buses and trucks and their respective engineering subsystems.
This course caters to train the students to design, develop, manufacture, and repair of automobiles. The demand for automobile engineering is growing with the expansion of automobile industries and increasing demand for vehicle. With increasing concern for pollution and fuel efficiency, these engineers also set standard of qualities, for example making the vehicle very efficient to suit all countries roads and environment.
The field of activity of a qualified engineer in automobile engineering contains development (construction, calculation and testing), priming of work, fabrication and observation of the functionality of vehicles for street and rails.
The engineers of automobile engineering have to develop car bodies and build-ups with aggregates like engines, clutches, gears and steering. They have to design according the postulations of aerodynamics and stylistics.
Automotive engineers are employed in automotive companies as well as in many other industries that service the automotive sector and require specialized mechanical, electrical and manufacturing engineering skills. Automotive engineers may find employment at major automobile, truck, bus and motorcycle companies as well as within racing teams, parts manufacturers and research and development organizations. Potential employers also include engine and gearbox manufacturers, chassis and body makers and supplier industries, as well as other transport companies.
Due to their interdisciplinary approach to applied knowledge, our graduating automotive engineers will have excellent career opportunities in the job market, both domestically and abroad.
In addition, since the program is structured on a mechanical engineering foundation, graduates will also readily find employment in companies seeking mechanical engineers.
Archaeology is the science that studies human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains and environmental data, including architecture, artifacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes.
Archaeology is the scientific study of the lives of early people based on the objects they left behind. It is the study of pre-history and history based on the examination of physical remains such as buildings, tombs, bones, tools, etc. Broadly speaking, archaeology is a multidisciplinary subject, which integrates knowledge of history and anthropology with geology, chemistry and even art.
It plays a vital role in reconstructing human history and helps us understand our cultural heritage.
Archaeology is either research or field-oriented study. Aspirants should have aptitude in art, history and culture.
The scientific and systematic study of the life and culture of past especially, seals, inscriptions, monuments, edifices and other such materials that have been buried somewhere in the past is known as Archaeology. The domain area of Archaeology is more diversified and has a number of branches. The various branches of Archaeology are archives, museology, numismatics, epigraphy, etc. The person who makes use of Archaeology as a discipline is known as archaeologist. The principal activities of an archaeologist include preliminary fieldwork, excavation of sites and periodical classification of them as well as dating and interpretation of materials so excavated. Archaeologists look for information about how, where and when cultures developed.
Career prospects for archaeologists are numerous as fields in which they can be employed are diversified. Archaeologists are employed in museums, cultural centers, universities, and different departments of Government and other such related bodies. Apart from these, they are employed in different projects, which are taken by research institutions from time to time.
The Archaeological Survey of India, under the Central Government, and the Department of Archaeology in the States are the major employers providing job opportunities such as assistant archaeologists or archaeologists. Selection to the Archaeological Survey of India is through the Union Public Service Commission and to the State Departments of Archaeology by the respective State Public Service Commissions.
The Archaeological Survey of India employs archaeologists at the State as well as the Central level either as assistant archaeologists who undertake activities like excavation, archaeological explorations etc., or as registration officers responsible for registering names of those who possess antiques. The vacancies for various posts keep occurring throughout the year. These are advertised in education supplements, Selection is done to these posts on the basis of written exam and interview.
After a PG diploma in Archaeology one can also seek employment through examinations conducted by Union Public Service Commission or Staff Selection Commission for the post of assistant archaeologist. One can also go on to become assistant superintendent, deputy superintendent Class I, join director and so on.
Apart from these, archaeologists can also get jobs in related industries and fields. Archaeology degree holders can also get jobs as tourist guides, heritage managers, interpreters, resource persons of trip organizers in the tourism industry. Archaeologists can take up teaching and research work after obtaining doctoral degrees.